This essay from Dr. Anthony examines the diplomatic and geopolitical challenges and opportunities for the three most recent Saudi Arabian Ambassadors to the United States: Prince Bandar, Prince Turki, and Adel Al-Jubeir. Dr. Anthony wrote an earlier biography of Adel Al-Jubeir for the Biographical Encyclopedia of the Modern Middle East & North Africa in 2007. Centgage Learning, the publisher of that two-volume work, has granted permission to reprint the earlier version and to bring the essay up to date. The Biographical Encyclopedia of the Modern Middle East & North Africa can be purchased here: http://bit.ly/seY6oo.
Moderator: Mr. Peter J. Robertson − Co-Chairman, of the U.S.-Saudi Arabian Business Council; retired Board of Directors Vice Chairman, Chevron Corporation; Chairman, World Affairs Council of Northern California; Board of Directors Vice Chairman, International House, University of California at Berkeley.
H.E. Adel A. Al-Jubeir − Ambassador of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia to the United States; Foreign Policy Adviser to HRH ‘Abdallah Bin ‘Abd al-‘Aziz Al Sa’ud, Custodian of the Two Holy Places and King of Saudi Arabia.
The Hon. James B. Smith (Brigadier General, USAF, Ret.) − Ambassador of the United States to the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia; former International Business Development Executive, Raytheon Integrated Defense Systems; Distinguished Graduate, The Naval War College, The Air Command and Staff College, and The National War College.
Former United States Ambassadors to the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia:
The Hon. Walter L. Cutler (1984-1987 and 1988-1989)
The Hon. Charles W. (“Chas”) Freeman, Jr. (1989-1992)
The Hon. Wyche Fowler (1996-2001)
The Hon. James C. Oberwetter (2004-2007)
The Hon. Robert Jordan (2002-2003)