Research Resources

  1. Agenda Background Guides

  2. General Online Resources

  3. Textbook suggestion: The Model Arab League Manual

  4. Arab League Multilateral Treaties

  5. Country-Specific Resources

Provisional Agenda Background Guides

Background Guides are available to provide an introduction to the topics in the Provisional Agenda and suggest resources for further research. Model Arab League background guides are prepared by the Student Secretariat of the National University Model Arab League.

General Online Resources

Arab League Charter

Yale Avalon Project – The Middle East 1916-2001: A Documentary Record

Al Jazeera Middle East

Middle East Policy Council

Middle East Institute

NCUSAR Publications

POMED: Weekly Wire Email Updates (Eng. or Arabic)

BBC News Country Profiles

CIA World Factbook

Middle East Research and Information Project

UN News Centre – Middle East

The Washington Institute for Near East Policy

Atlantic Council – Hariri Middle East Center

Brookings Institute – Saban Center for Middle East Policy

Council on Foreign Relations

Arab News


Integrated Regional Information Networks (IRIN) Middle East

Doha Institute Arab Center for Research and Policy Studies

The Soufan Group

Library of Congress Country Studies

Nation Master

World Health Organization (WHO)

World Bank E-Library MENA

US Department of State: Bureau of Near Eastern Affairs

Bureau of African Affairs

UPenn African Studies

 BBC Timeline of the Arab League

International Republican Institute MENA

Arab League Portal

Middle East Channel at Foreign Policy

Ajam Collective


POMEPS: Project on Middle East Political Science


Textbook suggestion: The Model Arab League Manual by Drs. Philip A. D’Agati and Holly Jordan >>

A guide to the program from two experienced alumni. Tips and ideas on topics including research, procedure, and maximizing the educational value of the experience.

Arab League Multilateral Treaties

List of Notable UN Treaties(.pdf)

Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the involvement of children in armed conflict (New York, 25 May 2000)(.pdf)

International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families (18 December 1990)

Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography (New York, 25 May 2000)(.pdf)

Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (6 October 1999)(.pdf)

International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (1966)

International Covenant on Economic, Social and cultural rights (1966)(.pdf)

International Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Racial Discrimination (1966)

Convention the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide (1948)

Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court (1998)

United Nations Convention Against Transnational Organized Crime. Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children (2003)

UN Convention on Terrorism

Chemical Weapons Convention (1997)

Landmines and Cluster Bombs

 Ottawa Treaty: Convention on the Prohibition of the Use, Stockpiling, Production, and Transfer of Anti-Personnel Mines and on their Destruction (1997)

Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities 


United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea


Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples: Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples


Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment


United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Peasants and Other People Working in Rural Areas


Political Declaration on the Implementation of the United Nations Global Plan of Action to Combat Trafficking in Persons


Declaration on the Right of Peoples to Peace


Political Declaration on Strengthening Cooperation between the United Nations and Regional and Subregional Organizations

Doha Declaration on Integrating Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice

Country-Specific Resources


MAL Annotated Bibliography for Algeria(.pdf)
Country Fact Sheet – Algeria

UN Press: Algeria

BBC: Algeria 

Constitute Project: Algerian Constitution

World Bank: Algeria

Algerian Ministry of Foreign Affairs 

Department of State: Algeria 

Country Reports: Algeria 

All Africa News: Algeria

Algerian Embassy in Washington, D.C.

albawaba: Algeria

Algiers Post

WHO – Algeria


MAL Annotated Bibliography for Bahrain(.pdf)
Country Fact Sheet – Bahrain

UN: Bahrain 

Bahrain Embassy in US

Al Jazeera: Bahrain

BBC: Bahrain

WHO: Bahrain

World Bank: Bahrain

Government, Kingdom of Bahrain (Site in Arabic)

Bahrain Newspapers

Kingdom of Bahrain Ministry of Foreign Affairs

Countries at the Crossroads 2012 – Bahrain

Constitution of Bahrain


MAL Annotated Bibliography for Comoros(.pdf)
Country Fact Sheet – Comoros

Comoros Embassy in US

2010 Comoros Strategy paper

BBC: Comoros

Department of State: Comoros 

Comoros Presidential Website (In French) 

AP News: Comoros 

The World Bank, Comoros

World Health Organization: Comoros

African Development Bank Group: Comoros

Doing Business in Comoros



MAL Annotated Bibliography for Djibouti(.pdf)
Country Fact Sheet – Djibouti

Djibouti Embassy in US

BBC: Djibouti 

Department of State: Djibouti 

Djibouti Presidential Website (In French) 

UN Press: Djibouti 

Government of Djibouti (Site in French)

World Health Organization: Djibouti

allAfrica: Djibouti

Africa Development Bank Group: Djibouti

Doing Business in Djibouti

Global Economy Index – Djibouti


MAL Annotated Bibliography for Egypt(.pdf)
Country Fact Sheet – Egypt

Egypt Embassy in US

UN: Egypt

Egypt Presidential Website 

CIA Factbook: Egypt

Egyptian Geographic

Middle East Times 

Constitution of Egypt

Library of Congress: Egypt

Egypt Daily News

The Economist: Egypt

Egypt News

Global Economic Index – Egypt


MAL Annotated Bibliography for Iraq(.pdf)
Country Fact Sheet – Iraq

BBC: Iraq

Iraqi National News Agency 

Unicef: Iraq

Iraq Foundation

Institute for War & Peace Reporting: Iraq

Nuclear Threat Initiative: Iraq

Human Rights Watch – Iraq

World Bank: Iraq

Pew Research on Iraq Religion

United Nations Assistance Mission for Iraq

Institute for the Study of War: Iraq

Foreign Policy: Iraq

Kurdistan Regional Government 

Azzaman (Iraqi News Source)


MAL Annotated Bibliography for Jordan(.pdf)
Country Fact Sheet – Jordan

Embassy of Jordan (In Arabic)

Ammon News

albawaba: Jordan

Global Economic Index: Jordan

Kingdom of Jordan 

Foreign Ministry of Jordan (In Arabic)

Petra News 

UN: Jordan 

BBC: Jordan 

Jordan eGovernment 

The Jordan Times 

Al Jazeera: Jordan 

World Bank: Jordan


MAL Annotated Bibliography for Kuwait(.pdf)
Country Fact Sheet – Kuwait

Embassy of Kuwait

Kuwait Cultural Office

Arab Times Kuwait

Gulf News: Kuwait

U.S. Department of State Consular Information: Kuwait

Kuwait News Agency

AP: Kuwait

World Bank Kuwait Data

Office of the Historian: Kuwait


MAL Annotated Bibliography for Lebanon(.pdf)
Country Fact Sheet – Lebanon

Human Rights Watch: Lebanon

UNDP Lebanon

al-Manar (the most prominent Lebanese pro-Hezbollah news outlet)

Lebanon Ministry of Finance 

UN: Lebanon

UN Special Coordinator for Lebanon 

Council on Foreign Relations: Hezbollah

Lebanon World Institute 


MAL Annotated Bibliography for Libya(.pdf)
Country Fact Sheet – Libya

Human Rights Watch – Libya

Constitution of Libya

allAfrica – Libya

Libya Herald

Global Economic Index – Libya

National Transitional Council

UN Press: Libya

United Nations Support Mission in Libya 

Central Bank of Libya

Department of State: Libya

Ministry of Foreign Affairs: Libya


MAL Annotated Bibliography for Mauritania(.pdf)
Country Fact Sheet – Mauritania

Government of Mauritania

Constitution of Mauritania

UNHCR – Mauritania

allAfrica – Mauritania

World Bank: Mauritania 

Al Jazeera: Mauritania 

Mauritania Daily Press

UN Peacekeeping in Western Sahara

BBC: Mauritania 

Department of State: Mauritania 

Mauritania Permanent Mission to the United Nations 

Human Rights Watch: Mauritania


MAL Annotated Bibliography for Morocco(.pdf)
Country Fact Sheet – Morocco

World Bank – Morocco

Human Rights Watch – Morocco/Western Sahara

allAfrica – Morocco

Morocco World News

Morocco Tomorrow

Global Economic Index – Morocco

UN Peacekeeping in Western Sahara

CIA Factbook: Morocco 

Kingdom of Morocco 

Al Jazeera: Morocco


MAL Annotated Bibliography for Oman(.pdf)
Country Fact Sheet – Oman

Sultan Qaboos Cultural Center

Oman Observer

Central Bank of Oman 

Human Rights Watch: Oman

Al Jazeera: Oman

UN Press: Oman

Omani History 

BBC Oman Profile 

Department of State: Oman 

World Bank Data on Oman

AP: Oman


MAL Annotated Bibliography for Palestine(.pdf)
Country Fact Sheet – Palestine

PLO Mission to the U.S.

Institute for Palestine Studies

Palestine Central Bureau of Statistics (In Arabic) 

Palestine Monitor

Palestine Pulse 

AP: Palestine

World Bank: Palestine 

972 Mag (Independent reporting and commentary from Israel and Palestine)

Jerusalem Media and Communications Centre 

UN Truce Supervision Organization 

Oslo Accords 

Palestinian Authority Directory 



MAL Annotated Bibliography for Qatar(.pdf)
Country Fact Sheet – Qatar

BBC Qatar Country Profile

Qatar Ministry of Interior

Qatar National Research Fund

Global Economic Index – Qatar

Qatar Ministry of Foreign Affairs (In Arabic)

Qatar Statistics Authority 

Qatar Ministry of Environment 

UN Press: Qatar 

World Bank: Qatar 

Al Jazeera: Qatar 

Human Rights Watch: Qatar

Department of State: Qatar

Saudi Arabia

MAL Annotated Bibliography for Saudi Arabia(.pdf)
Country Fact Sheet – Saudi Arabia

The Royal Embassy of Saudi Arabia

Energy Information Administration: Saudi Arabia

Human Rights Watch: Saudi Arabia

Arab News: Saudi Arabia

The Economist: Saudi Arabia

Saudi National e-Government Portal

Department of State: Saudi Arabia

World Bank: Saudi Arabia 

BBC: Saudi Arabia

Al Jazeera: Saudi Arabia


MAL Annotated Bibliography for Somalia(.pdf)
Country Fact Sheet – Somalia

World Health Organization: Somalia

Global Economic Index – Somalia

UN Political Office for Somalia

AEI Critical Threats: Somalia

Constitution of Somalia 

BBC: Somalia

United Nations Assistance Mission in Somalia 

Red Cross Report on Somali Civil War 

Department of State: Somalia 

Prime Minister’s Office 

Presidential Website 

Somaliland Government


MAL Annotated Bibliography for Sudan(.pdf)
Country Fact Sheet – Sudan

Human Rights Watch – Sudan

WHO – Sudan

Sudan Tribune

Global Economic Index – Sudan

South Sudan News Agency

Sudan News Agency (SUNA) 

Al Jazeera: Sudan 

United Nations Integrated Transition Assistance Mission in Sudan

World Bank: Sudan 

BBC: Sudan 

Sudanese Secretariat General of the Council of Ministries


MAL Annotated Bibliography for Syria(.pdf)
Country Fact Sheet – Syria

BBC Syria Country Profile

Syrian Arab News Agency (SANA)

Brookings Institute: Syria 

Nuclear Threat Initiative: Syria

Arab League Syrian Policy 

Syrian Revolutionary and Opposition Forces 

UN Special Envoy for Syria 

Council on Foreign Relations on Syrian Civil War 

Active War Map of Syria 

Al Jazeera on Syrian Democratic Forces 

AP News: Syria


MAL Annotated Bibliography for Tunisia(.pdf)
Country Fact Sheet – Tunisia

WHO: Tunisia

Human Rights Watch: Tunisia

World Bank Data: Tunisia

Al Jazeera Spotlight: Tunisia

allAfrica: Tunisia

BBC: Tunisia 

Department of State: Tunisia 

CIA Factbook: Tunisia 

UN Press: Tunisia 

Tunisia News Journal


MAL Annotated Bibliography for the UAE(.pdf)
Country Fact Sheet – UAE

UAE Embassy in Washington, D.C.

Central Bank of the UAE (In Arabic) 

Khaleej Times 

UAE Ministry of Foreign Affairs 

AP News: UAE 

World Bank: UAE

UAE Today

UAE Government Portal 


Crown Prince Court



MAL Annotated Bibliography for Yemen(.pdf)
Country Fact Sheet – Yemen

Yemen Times

Yemen Embassy in Washington, D.C.

Yemen Observer (Twitter page)

Yemen Post

Central Bank of Yemen

Human Rights Watch: Yemen

UN Mission to Support the Hudaydah Agreement 

UN Special Envoy on Yemen 

Yemen Institute 

Al Jazeera: Yemen

World Bank: Yemen

Al Jazeera: Houthis 

Office of the Historian: Yemen


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