STATUTE and TEMPLATES
Statute of the Arab Court of Justice — UPDATED
GUIDES – NEW
Guide to the Arab Court of Justice
ARAB COURT OF JUSTICE
The Arab Court of Justice (ACJ) is a moot court created to provide Model Arab League (MAL) student delegates an exercise in international law. No such court exists within the structure of the real-world League of Arab States. The ACJ is a unique experience for new and experienced MAL participants. Updated rules of procedure for the Court can be found in the Statute of the Arab Court of Justice (above).
The ACJ convenes at the Northeast, Michigan, and National University MALs. Every delegate assigned to the Court presents arguments as an Advocate for one of five cases (this includes drafting and submitting a Memorial or Counter-Memorial before the Model), and sits as a Justice on the Bench to hear, deliberate, and help draft Opinions on the other four cases.
Students must apply to participate in the ACJ, and the National Council will assign particular individuals to each case based on their qualifications. Students participate in the ACJ apart from and in place of representing their school’s country on a Council at the Model Arab League.
Students can apply for the ACJ as a single individual or as a pair of students. A single individual will be the sole Advocate for his assigned country’s case, and serve as a Justice for each of the other four cases. A pair of students will both serve as Advocates for their assigned country’s case, but only one can serve as a speaking and voting Justice on each of the other four cases (the other individual is welcome to provide support to the Justice but cannot participate in the proceedings for that case — pairs are encouraged to switch the Justice role in different cases). Pairs should apply separately but clearly indicate they wish to work as a team on their application.
|League of Arab States (represented by the Sultanate of Oman) v. Kingdom of Bahrain: Regarding the revocation of the citizenship of Bahraini Shi’a cleric Sheikh Isa Qassim
On June 21, 2016, Bahrain revoked the citizenship of a top Shi’a cleric, Sheikh Isa Qassim – in effect rendering him stateless – on the grounds that he was promoting “an extremist sectarian atmosphere and working to divide Bahraini society.” The move came shortly after the Bahraini government suspended the main Shi’a opposition group: the Wefaq National Islamic Society, for which Sheikh Qassim is allegedly the spiritual leader. The League of Arab States has brought suit against Bahrain, amid concerns that its actions violate accepted international law regarding citizenship.
|League of Arab States (represented by Qatar) v. Union of the Comoros: Regarding the Comoros’ failure to enforce international human trafficking protocols
Currently the Union of the Comoros does not have any offenses regarding trafficking in persons; however, in 2015, Comoros was downgraded from Tier 2 Watch List to Tier 3 in the State Department Trafficking in Persons Report. This is partly a result of the fact that, despite having an “interagency monitoring group” designed to implement the 2013 “anti-trafficking national action plan,” the Comorian government did not investigate or prosecute any traffickers, despite independent reports of significant levels of sex trafficking and forced labor.
|Lebanese Republic v. Kingdom of Saudi Arabia: Regarding Saudi Arabian policy of executing foreign citizens for violations of religious law
In 2008 a Lebanese national, Ali Hussain Sibat, was arrested while performing the umra in Saudi Arabia. Based largely on his behavior as a television personality in Lebanon, Sibat was charged with and convicted of sorcery by the Saudi Arabian government, and sentenced to death by beheading. Following diplomatic pressure by Lebanon and other international organizations he was released in 2012. In the wake of his release, both the Lebanese and Saudi Arabian governments have agreed to ask the Arab Court of Justice for an advisory opinion regarding the Saudi Arabian practice of arresting and executing foreign participants for violations of Saudi Arabian law while outside of Saudi Arabia.
|State of Palestine v. Kingdom of Jordan: Regarding Jordanian participation in Joint Military Exercises with Israel.
In November 2015, both Israeli and United States sources confirmed Jordanian military participation with Israeli IDF forces in joint military exercises. The Palestinian government has filed complaints over the Jordanian military’s participation. Claiming that it threatens her autonomy and independence – expressly recognized in the Charter of the League of Arab States – Palestine has demanded that Jordan cease any further military cooperation with Israel while it continues to occupy the State of Palestine.
|United Arab Emirates v. Kingdom of Saudi Arabia: Regarding the 1974 Treaty of Jeddah, the circumstances of its negotiation, and its contemporary applicability
In 1974, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates signed the Treaty of Jeddah regarding shared obligations vis à vis their shared border. Of particular import are Articles III and IV, which govern exploration and ownership of hydrocarbon resources in the border area. Though the treaty was signed by King Faisal and Sheikh Zayed in 1974, Saudi Arabia did not ratify the agreement until 1993, and the Emirates have yet to ratify, citing discrepancies in the negotiations, including coercion and inconsistencies in the oral agreement and legal text. The UAE has brought suit in attempt to formally nullify and renegotiate the Treaty.