STATUTE and TEMPLATES
Statute of the Arab Court of Justice — UPDATED
GUIDES – NEW
Guide to the Arab Court of Justice
ARAB COURT OF JUSTICE
The Arab Court of Justice (ACJ) is a moot court created to provide Model Arab League (MAL) student delegates an exercise in international law. No such court exists within the structure of the real-world League of Arab States. The ACJ is a unique experience for new and experienced MAL participants. Updated rules of procedure for the Court can be found in the Statute of the Arab Court of Justice (above).
The ACJ convenes at the Northeast, Michigan, and National University MALs. Every delegate assigned to the Court presents arguments as an Advocate for one of five cases (this includes drafting and submitting a Memorial or Counter-Memorial before the Model), and sits as a Justice on the Bench to hear, deliberate, and help draft Opinions on the other four cases.
Students must apply to participate in the ACJ, and the National Council will assign particular individuals to each case based on their qualifications. Students participate in the ACJ apart from and in place of representing their school’s country on a Council at the Model Arab League.
Students can apply for the ACJ as a single individual or as a pair of students. A single individual will be the sole Advocate for his assigned country’s case, and serve as a Justice for each of the other four cases. A pair of students will both serve as Advocates for their assigned country’s case, but only one can serve as a speaking and voting Justice on each of the other four cases (the other individual is welcome to provide support to the Justice but cannot participate in the proceedings for that case — pairs are encouraged to switch the Justice role in different cases). Pairs should apply separately but clearly indicate they wish to work as a team on their application.
|The State of Qatar v. the Gulf Cooperation Council (represented by The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia): Regarding the blockade of Qatar
On June 5, 2017, many GCC Countries including Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, and UAE cut diplomatic ties followed by a land, air, and sea embargo on Qatar following accusations of their support of extremists. Saudi Arabia issues a list of 13 stipulations to be met by Qatar in exchange for lifting the blockade. In August of 2017, Qatar filed an official complaint with the WTO against all three countries citing “coercive attempts at economic isolation” of the country. This blockade has caused serious tension within the region and created an extreme possibility of an economic decline in Qatar. In this case, the court will consider if the GCC’s actions in regards to the blockade are justified
|The State of Kuwait v. The Republic of Iraq: Regarding reparations for the 1990-1991 occupation of Kuwait
Iraq invaded and occupied Kuwait, under the leadership of Saddam Hussein, from 1990-1991. On August 2, 1990, Iraq invaded Kuwait resulting in a victory and subsequent “annexation” of the country. The United States supported Kuwait and launched a military operation to free the country of its occupation. In light of the campaign, 1,000 Kuwaiti citizens and an estimated 30,000 Iraqi troops lost their lives. Additionally, over 250,000 Kuwaitis fled to neighboring Saudi Arabia and the UAE.
At the end of the “Gulf War,” Iraqi forces set fire to over six hundred oil wells causing an estimated $20 billion in damage. In addition, several government buildings including the National Assembly, the Foreign Ministry and a number of luxury hotels were set on fire, causing further loss of property. The purpose of this case is straight-forward, to explore whether Iraq is responsible for paying reparations for the damaged caused during the occupation of Kuwait.
|The League of Arab States (The Kingdom of Morocco) v. The State of Libya: Regarding human trafficking in Libya
In August of 2017, CNN received footage of young male migrants being auctioned in Libya. Footage released showed the young men being sold as farm laborers for $400. Over the past four years, Libya has had an influx of migrants and refugees looking for a way to travel to Europe and make a new life. Over 150,000 migrants and refugees have attempted the treacherous journey across the Mediterranean Sea. Recently, however, the Libyan coast guard has been capturing more vessels attempting to smuggle people into Europe, leaving an estimated 400,000 to 1 million migrants trapped in Libya. In this case, the court will consider whether Libya has done all it can to protect the rights of refugees, internally displaced persons, and other migrants under the 1951 Convention relating to the Status of Refugees and the Arab Charter on Human Rights.
|The State of Palestine v. The Arab Republic of Egypt: Regarding the 2007 blockade of the Gaza Strip
In 2007, Egypt closed its border with Palestine following the land, sea and air blockade imposed by Israel. Egypt imposed the blockade in response to attacks by Islamist militants in the Sinai Peninsula. The blockade has been significant in weakening the economy and population of Gaza. It continues to suffer from an electricity shortage which had led to an inability to run sewage treatment plants and hospitals. Gaza’s population suffers from a lack of clean water, food, and infrastructure. While much of the situation is controlled by the Israeli blockade of the border, Egypt has perpetuated many of the sufferings of the Gaza population by their continued blockade of both goods and people. In this case, the court will consider if Egypt’s closure of the border is legally justified.