National Council on U.S.-Arab Relatoins

Dr. John Duke Anthony

Dr. John Duke AnthonyDr. John Duke Anthony is the Founding President and Chief Executive Officer of the National Council on U.S.-Arab Relations. On June 21, 2000, H.M. King Muhammad VI of Morocco knighted Dr. Anthony, bestowing upon him the Medal of the Order of Ouissam Alaouite, the nation of Morocco's highest award for excellence. Dr. Anthony currently serves on the United States Department of State Advisory Committee on International Economic Policy and the Committee's Subcommittee on Sanctions.

Dr. Anthony is the only American to have been invited to each of the Gulf Cooperation Council's Ministerial and Heads of State Summits since the GCC's inception in 1981. (The GCC is comprised of Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates).

In 2014, HRH Prince Alwaleed Bin Talal Bin Abdulaziz Al-Saud, one of the world's most internationally prominent philanthropists, and a longtime international supporter of humanitarian causes, appointed Dr. Anthony Chairman of the North American Bridge Network (NABN), a consortium of the six most prominent recipients of his charitable contributions. In 2016, Prince Alwaleed reappointed Dr. Anthony as Chair of the NABN through July 2017.

Annually since their inception in 1986, he has chaired and served as the core lecturer in the National Council's 10-Week University Student Summer Internship Program's Annual Academic Seminar on “Arabia and the Gulf.” For the past 42 years, he has also been a regular lecturer on the Arabian Peninsula and the Gulf for the Departments of Defense and State. In addition, he is former Chair, Near East and North Africa Program, Foreign Service Institute, U.S. Department of State as well as former Founding Chair of the Department's Advanced Arabian Peninsula Studies Seminar – the U.S. government's leading educational preparation programs for select American diplomatic and defense personnel assigned to countries in Arabia and the Gulf, the one region to which the United States has mobilized and deployed more armed forces than any other place on three separate occasions in the past thirty-six years.

Dr. Anthony is a member of the Board of Advisers of the Gulf Studies Centre at Qatar University, the Yemen College for Middle Eastern Studies, and The Amin Rihani Institute. He has served as an Associate Professor, Visiting Professor, and/or Adjunct Professor at the American University in Cairo; Georgetown University's Center for Contemporary Arab Studies in the Edmund A. Walsh School of Foreign Service; the Johns Hopkins University School of Advanced International Studies; the Oxford Centre for Islamic Studies; the Universities of Pennsylvania, Virginia, and Texas; the U.S. Naval Postgraduate School; the U.S. Joint Intelligence College; and the Virginia Military Institute.

A Life Member of the Council on Foreign Relations since 1986, Dr. Anthony has been a frequent participant in its study groups on issues relating to Syria, the Arabian Peninsula and Gulf regions, and the broader Arab and Islamic world. In addition to establishing and heading the National Council since its inception in 1983, as well as consulting, lecturing, and serving as an Adjunct Faculty Member of the U.S. Department of Defense's Defense Institute for Security Assistance Management (DISAM) since 1974, Dr. Anthony, in 1983, received DISAM's Distinguished Achievement Award, one of three granted to American Middle East specialists in the Institute's history. In March 1989, the Kappa Alpha Order's National Executive bestowed upon him its Distinguished Public Service Award for Excellence “through a strenuous and useful Life of Service to others.”

In 1993, Dr. Anthony received the U.S. Department of State's Distinguished Visiting Lecturer Award, one of three awarded over a span of 25 years in recognition of his preparation of American diplomatic and defense personnel assigned to the Arabian Peninsula and the Gulf states. In 1994, he received the Stevens Award for Outstanding Contributions to American-Arab Understanding. In May 2008, the Rotary Club of the Nation's Capital bestowed upon him its first-ever Local Giant Leadership Award. In June 2014, he was awarded the American-Arab Anti-Discrimination Committee's Distinguished Service Award at ADC's Annual Convention.

Dr. John Duke AnthonyDr. Anthony is the only American to have been awarded a Fulbright Fellowship in the former People's Democratic Republic of Yemen (1969-1970). Beginning in 1993 and continuing through 2006, Dr. Anthony's long experience in Yemen led to his being asked to serve as an international observer in each of Yemen's first four presidential and parliamentary elections. In 1971, he was cosponsored by the British Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the U.S. Department of State as the sole American scholar allowed to observe at firsthand the process by which Britain proceeded to abrogate its longstanding treaty obligations to administer the defense and foreign relations for nine Arab states lining the coastal regions of eastern Arabia and the Gulf.

Since 1986 and continuing to the present, Dr. Anthony has accompanied more than 200 Members of Congress, their chiefs of staff, defense and foreign affairs advisers, and legislative and communications directors on fact-finding missions to the Arab world. From 1996 to the present, he has also served as the principal scholar-escort for delegations to various GCC countries, Egypt, and Yemen comprised of 144 officers assigned to the staff of successive Commanding Generals of the U.S. Central Command.

Dr. Anthony is the author of three books, the editor of a fourth, and has written more than 175 articles, essays, and monographs on a variety of topics related to the Arab world, about specific Arab countries, and about America's interests and involvement in the Arab countries, the Middle East, and the Islamic world. He is the editor of the National Council's periodical, the Council Chronicle, and lead contributor to the Council's blog on Arabia, The Gulf, and The GCC as well as the Council's online publication project National Council Analyses & Assessments.

Dr. Anthony's best-known works are Arab States of The Lower Gulf: People, Politics, Petroleum; The Middle East: Oil, Politics, and Development (editor and co-author); and, together with J. E. Peterson, Historical and Cultural Dictionary of The Sultanate of Oman and The Emirates of Eastern Arabia.

Among his more recent publications are The United Arab Emirates: Dynamics of State Formation, Abu Dhabi, UAE: Emirates Center for Strategic Studies and Research (ECSSR), 2002; “Measuring the Iraq War ‘Accomplishments' Through the Lens of Its Authors: A Preliminary Assessment,” presented to the Voltaire Network's 2005 Axis for Peace Conference in Brussels; “The Intervention in Bahrain Through the Lenses of its Supporters,” published by ECSSR in the Summer of 2011; “The Future Significance of the Gulf Cooperation Council,” in Global Strategic Developments: A Futuristic Vision, Abu Dhabi, UAE: ECSSR, 2012; “War with Iran: Regional Reactions and Requirements,” published in Middle East Policy and by the National Council on U.S.-Arab Relations, 2008; “Strategic Dynamics of Iran-GCC Relations,” in Jean-François Seznec and Mimi Kirk, eds., Industrialization in the Gulf: A Socioeconomic Revolution, New York: Routledge, 2011; “The Gulf Cooperation Council: Deepening Rifts and Emerging Challenges,” a statement submitted to the Subcommittee on the Middle East and North Africa of the Committee on Foreign Affairs in the House of Representatives of the U.S. Congress, May 2014; “Arabia to Asia: The Myths and Merits of an American 'Pivot,'” in Tim Niblock and Steven Hook, eds., The United States and the Gulf: Shifting Pressures, Strategies and Alignments, Berlin: Gerlach Press, 2015; “Riyadh's View of Tehran: An Accentuated Deficit of Trust,” published in National Council Analyses & Assessments, 2016; and “GCC Arms Imports: Strategic Assessment and Economic Benefits to the United States,” in David B. Des Roches and Dania Thafer, eds., The Arms Trade, Military Services and Security Market in the Gulf States: Trends and Implications, Berlin: Gerlach Press, 2016. For sixteen years, Dr. Anthony was the annual author of the essays on “Oman” and “Qatar” for the Encyclopedia Britannica, the world's oldest continuously published encyclopedia in English.

In addition to being the founder of the Annual Arab-U.S. Policymakers Conference, now in its 26th year, Dr. Anthony has also been co-founder and board member of the National Commission to Commemorate the 14th Centennial of Islam; a founder, board member, and Secretary of the U.S.-GCC Corporate Cooperation Committee; founding President of the Middle East Educational Trust; co-founder of the Commission on Israeli-Palestinian Peace; founding President of the Society for Gulf Arab Studies; and founder and former chairman of the U.S.-Morocco Affairs Council. In March 2017, U.S. Senator Pat Roberts, Chair, and General P.X. Kelly. Co-Chair, announced the appointment of Dr. Anthony to the Dwight D. Eisenhower Memorial Advisory Committee, emphasizing that the appointment “signals our gratitude for your unique insights and support,” adding that “you join as fellow members celebrated patriotic leaders Senator Bob Dole, Tom Brokaw, Tom Hanks, and Secretary James. Baker.”

After the completion of his U.S. Army active duty military service, the Commonwealth of Virginia granted Dr. Anthony a four-year, all-expenses State Cadetship Award, which allowed him to enroll at Virginia Military Institute (VMI), where he received his Bachelor's Degree in History. At VMI, he was elected president of his class all four years in addition to serving as president of the Corps of Cadets' governing bodies during his First Class (Senior) Year. He subsequently earned a Master of Science Degree in Foreign Service (With Distinction) from the Edmund A. Walsh Graduate School of Foreign Service at Georgetown University, where, in addition to holding one of three University Scholar Awards, he was inducted into the National Political Science Honor Society.

Dr. Anthony holds a Ph.D. in International Relations and Middle East Studies from the Johns Hopkins University School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS) in Washington, D.C., where he held a National Defense in Foreign Language Scholarship for Arabic, was awarded a Fulbright Fellowship, and was appointed to SAIS' full time faculty in 1973 while still a student.

Dr. Anthony passed his proficiency exam in French at the Georgetown University's School of Foreign Service in 1966 and his proficiency exam in Arabic at the Johns Hopkins University School of Advanced International Studies in 1969 following study there as well as at Princeton University and the American University in Cairo's Center for Arabic Study Abroad.